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Periodical: The Open Court

Summary:  From Pat Deveney's database:

Open Court, The.
A Weekly Journal devoted to the Work of Conciliating Religion with Science.
Devoted to the Religion of Science / Devoted to the Science of Religion, the Religion of Science, and the Extension of the Religious Parliament Idea
1887--1936 Weekly, then monthly
LaSalle, and then Chicago, IL. Publisher: Open Court Publishing Co.; Edward C. Hegeler. Editor: Paul Carus, T.J. McCormack, E.C. Hegeler, Mary Carus.
1/1, 1887-1936. $2.00 a year. 8-64 pp.

The journal held itself out as a forum for the free exchange of ideas, proclaiming that it "was founded to serve as a center for an earnest and thoroughgoing reformation of religion under the influence of science, and in working to this end it has combined a fearless radicalism with a reverent conservatism." In practice, this meant a scientific criticism of the established churches combined with an idealistic philosophy that reduced religion to little more than a vague universal sentiment of awe and reverence and a striving for "interfaith" dialogue toward progressive goals ("the Religious Parliament Idea"). Religion was "a scientific fact," but the journal carried on a relentless battle with its contemporary doctrinal expressions. The editor of the journal, Paul Carus (1852-1919), was German born and educated and a devotee of Spinoza. His father-in-law Edward Hegeler owned this journal and its sister, the Monist, which Carus edited as well. Carus's approach to the religion of the day, not surprisingly, allied him with the educated, progressive East Coast reformers like Sarah Farmer, at whose Green Acre camp Carus lectured. Not surprisingly, Buddhism (which Carus played a central role in introducing to the west) and Baha'i were regularly featured in the journal. The journal offered translations by leading scholars of the "sacred writings" of the East, coupled with learned discussions of socialism, Tolstoy, Schopenhauer, psychical research, free trade, woman's rights, and other topics of current interest to the classes for whom the journal was published. Contributions by Francis Ellingwood Abbot, Moncure Conway, B.F. Underwood, and others of the antecedent "free religion" movements, as well as by Anna Ballard, Sara A. Underwood, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, D.T. Suzuki, William Wundt, Max Dessoir, C. Staniland Wake, and many others. The journal and its publisher also regularly published revelations by Henry R. Evans and David Abbott on the "legerdemain" of current spiritualist mediums. See also the note under the Monist, also owned by Hegeler and edited by Carus. Rowell's American Newspaper Directory for 1900 says the journal had a circulation of about 2,500. NYPL; and many other locations.

Issues:Open Court Dictionary Catalog
Open Court V1 1887-88
Open Court V2 1888-89
Open Court V3 1889-90
Open Court V4 1890-91
Open Court V5 1891
Open Court V6 1892
Open Court V7 1893
Open Court V8 1894
Open Court V9 1895
Open Court V10 1896
Open Court V11 1897
Open Court V12 1898
Open Court V13 1899
Open Court V14 1900
Open Court V15 1901
Open Court V16 1902
Open Court V17 1903
Open Court V10 1896
Open Court V18 1904
Open Court V19 1905
Open Court V20 1906
Open Court V21 1907
Open Court V22 1908
Open Court V23 1909
Open Court V24 1910
Open Court V25 1911
Open Court V26 1912
Open Court V27 1913
Open Court V28 1914
Open Court V29 1915
Open Court V30 1916
Open Court V31 1917
Open Court V32 1918
Open Court V33 1919
Open Court V34 1920
Open Court V35 1921
Open Court V36 1922

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