The Year-Book of Spiritualism for 1871; Presenting the Status of Spiritualism for the Current Year throughout the World; Philosophical, Scientific, and Religious Essays; Review of Its Literature; History of American Associations; State and Local Societies; Progressive Lyceums; Lecturers; Mediums; and Other Matters Relating to the Momentous Subject; by Hudson Tuttle and J[ames] M[artin] Peebles. Boston: William White and Company, 1871.

Spirit-Art; How to Form Spirit-Circles; A Song and a Truth; The Anniversary of the Advent of Modern Spiritualism: The Thirty-First of March; California—Its Ways and Wonders; Spiritualism in Washington, D. C.; Spiritualism in Philadelphia; Names of Prominent [Foreign] Spiritualists; History of the National Organization of Spiritualists; State Organizations of Spiritualists; List of Societies of Spiritualists in the United States; List of Lyceums; List of Lecturers on Spiritualism and Relating Subjects; List of Media in the United States, with Post-Office Address; Spirit-Artists; Journals Devoted to Spiritualism.


By Emma Hardinge.

One of the most remarkable phases of spiritual influence upon mortals is exhibited in the strange, and often incomprehensible, drawings which are produced through media, without (as they allege) any design or volition of their own.  When the influence to draw takes the form of floral groups, landscapes, figures, or the still more significant shape of spirit-portraits, it is not difficult to appreciate the work that is accomplished.  Geological charts of rare exactitude have thus been produced through unlearned media, proving the amount of invisible intelligence that was directing the performance.  The likenesses of deceased persons sketched through the hands of total strangers are amongst the most conclusive evidences that the controlling intelligence must have found the originals in the spheres of immortality.  The flowers and landscapes executed in this way, although, as it is affirmed by the sneering critic, often deficient in the conventionalities of ordinary routine art, are nevertheless, in most instances, interwrought with a delicacy, precision, and correctness of outline, which prove their supramundane origin.  Circles have been drawn, and exquisite lines and figures dashed off, with a single stroke of the pencil, which would have required the most careful adjustment of measuring-instruments to perform by an uninspired artist.  It is not uncommon for some of those artistic media to execute their work with eyes so closely bandaged as to render the hypothesis of the medium-agency in the production of the drawing wholly untenable.  In the cases of Messrs. George Wolcutt of Columbus, O., and the later Mr. Rogers of the same city—both spirit-artists—the experiment was frequently tried of cutting a hole through a screen or partition, putting the arm of the medium through the aperture in such a position as to come in contact with a prepared canvas, palette, brushes, and paints, &c.; when portraits of exquisite finish, and correct semblance to some deceased person, would be produced.  Setting aside any especially abnormal methods for the production of spirit-pictures, as works of art they are so essentially different from every other description of drawing or painting, that they at once disclose the supramundane idea that is incarnated in their design.  No spirit-pictures seem to bear a more remarkable stamp of this supramundane origin than the drawings of Mr. Cranstoun Laurie of Washington.  The whole of Mr. Laurie’s highly-gifted family display mediumistic powers in the direction of spirit-art; and the immense maps or charts, so to speak, of floral luxuriance, executed under control by Mrs. Laurie, have, for years, excited the admiration and astonishment of all beholders.  Still they represent flowers, fruits, and other objects, which, despite their singular groupings, and the wonderfully-abnormal character of their execution, might be the work of some highly-gifted artist endowed with an erratic and exuberant fancy.  But the drawings of Mr. Laurie can not possibly be the suggestion of any merely human ideality.  They consist of groups of figures, large, small, perfect, and broken, made up from the vegetable, animal, and human kingdoms, fragments or entire forms of which are massed together in the most singular and heterogeneous variety and abundance.

There are now before the writer two groups of these marvelous “vestiges”—the one in the shape of a drinking-cup; the other, of a huge formless mass, whose irregular outline and indefinite proportion seem to belong to no known element or object, and yet might represent a fantastic picture daguerreotyped upon the atmosphere.  The surface of these drawings consists of groups, in which there is the figure of a lady unveiling a demi-human statue; a pig playing on a musical instrument; a small man scooping out the flesh from the arm of a half-defined huge figure, of which the little being seems to be an atom.  Heads of children and grown people appear in all varieties of position—some imperfect; others finely outwrought, and very beautiful.  Heads, horns, hoofs (large and small) of different animals are interspersed with musical instruments, plants, trees, broken furniture, pieces of machinery, ships, barrels, fishes, birds, and beasts.

In these two drawings alone are hundreds of figures, and scores of various objects.  Although they are all massed together most inartificially, there are, occasionally, evidences of design such as would suggest that the picture is a consecutive whole, and intended to represent some particular scene or history.  Generally speaking, however, Mr. Laurie’s pictures are a marvelous, incongruous, and incomprehensible mass of objects, the proximity or relation of which with each other would tax the ideality of the most fertile brain to discover.  Mr. Laurie has, for nearly forty years, been an honored veteran employee in the postal department at Washington; hence he is often called upon to inscribe names, titles, and dates in the books which are essential to his calling.

It is a noticeable fact, that, whilst the beautifully-imaginative way in which he designs letters and figures for this purpose present only the appearance of highly-elaborate penmanship, a close scrutiny will reveal the fact, that every curve and line is full of the same marvelous and often grotesque little images as the drawings described above.  A visiting-card, a direction, whatever is inscribed by the hand of this ever-fertile medium, contains the same evidences of unceasing control of a similar character.  For many years past, Mr. Laurie has almost involuntarily yielded his hand to this perpetual tide of influence, without the satisfaction of learning what occult meaning, if any, was hidden away under these strange hieroglyphics.

A promise has frequently been made, that, in due time, a medium should visit Washington, through whom a complete explanation should be afforded.  How far this promise has been redeemed the reader may judge in the communication which follows.  Suffice it to say, on the recent visit of the writer to Washington in her capacity of spiritual lecturer.  Mr. and Mrs. Laurie generously presented her with several interesting specimens of their mediumistic work; shortly after which the writer was controlled by an irresistible influence to pen the subjoined communication, and present it to Mr. Laurie, who at once indorsed it as a complete and satisfactory explanation, to his mind, of the mysterious diagrams that he had for years been the medium of automatically executing.


Given through Mrs. Emma Hardinge, at Washington, D.C., February, 1870.


There are four distinct kingdoms in creation; namely, mineral, vegetable, animal, and human.  Each of these includes two states; namely, the inorganic and the organic.  Every atom of matter is permeated by the restless principle of life, which exhibits itself in the force of motion.  By the unceasing action of life, inorganic matter struggles forward into organized forms; and these, through the principle for growth, decay, and death, liberate the life-essences which have been shaped into forms by the mold of matter.  The atoms disintegrate, and are taken up again in other organisms.  The living, essential forms remain imperishable entities in the spirit-world; but the aura which they give off enters into the composition of higher material, impressing them with the image of its previous existence.

Thus, though the gems, crystals, &c., of the mineral world, as material forms, perish, their life-essences remain entities of the spirit-world; and their images are impressed in the next highest stage of being—namely, the vegetable world.  The seeds, stems, blossoms, and fruitage of the vegetable world, shed their atoms; their life-essences remaining for ever in the invisible realm of spiritual forms, whilst their images and aura enter into the composition of the animal kingdom; this again impresses its aura into the human family, and its image upon the human forms.  Every grade of human life reflects an image which impresses every other grade above itself; and thus upon the highest forms of humanity, both in spiritual and material life, the images or types of all that ever has been in the lower kingdoms may be found.

One phase of spirit-art is to draw representations of forms, together with all the images which have been impressed upon their atoms during the various ascending grades of progression through which they have passed.  Every object and every element teems with these images—some in full organic development, some in their rudimental or embryotic state only.  The atmospheres, both of the spiritual and natural worlds, abound with clusters of images grouped together in heterogeneous masses, just as their impress was given off.  Sometimes fragments of the four various kingdoms are fused together, broken and rent in the process of transition through which life is passing.  Cups, vases, domestic implements and instruments, plants, animals, and organic remains—all teem with the images which the atoms that compose them have received and stereotyped; and, to the eye of certain spirits, these multitudinous images become plainly visible, forming a vast hieroglyphical record, of which spirit-artists make diagrams and pictures for the instruction of other spirits.

Sometimes they represent the teeming imagery of earthly things and scenes, and sometimes the more mystic, inner, elemental nature of spiritual existences.  The phase of art which is engaged in the draughting of these diagrams is but one out of the many tens of thousands that employ the artistic mind of the spheres.

Sometimes artists of this character find kindred spirits amongst earth’s inhabitants; and, when the mortal subject combines with his task mediumistic endowments, the spirit-artist delights to employ his pencil for the elaboration of his own peculiar ideas.  Such a medium is Mr. Cranstoun Laurie; such a controlling mind is “Allston,” an artist of the spheres, who dictates their writing, and hereby desires to express his gratitude to his willing earth-friend for the many opportunities he has afforded him of representing these spiritual diagrams.

The brief and most imperfect explanation tendered above applies even to the formation of letters, lines, circles, &c.  The pencil and its woody fiber, the metal of the pen, the fluid of the ink—all are reservoirs of life-images which have been impressed on the atoms that compose them, and, under the afflatus of Spiritual influence, are represented by the medium as they are perceived by the spirit.

As the advanced minds of the spheres understand and can appreciate these eternal hieroglyphics of the past, so, in future generations, will earth’s people become familiar with them; and then all that remains of Cranstoun Laurie’s works will be reverently gathered up, preserved as the prophetic foregleams of the coming day of Spiritual unfoldment, and become to future ages the testamentary evidence that nothing in art or nature is lost, or performed in vain.



By Augusta Cooper Bristol.

A song grew out of my unfolding soul—
A miracle of sweetness and of strength.
It held the rhythm of the universe!
I sang it to the never-failing stars;
I murmured it in leafy solitudes;
I woke the thunders of the caverned hills
With its completeness.  All elate with joy,
And glad to generosity, I placed
My perfect song into the lips of men;
And lo! instead of harmony, I heard
The wild notes of confusion, the harsh tones
Of discord and disorder, the fierce swell
And dissonance of Passion’s hateful voice.

A sacred truth was born within my soul:
Divinely fed, it was the life of life,
And made my earthly state a paradise.
Out of my heaven into the worldly hell
I dropped that pure white truth; and it became
The father of all license—the foul sire
Of lust, with all its heritage of lies!

And was my perfect song for ever lost?
Can death or change annihilate a truth?

I can not grieve or doubt; for I have seen
By spirit-vision waiting angels bend
Above the seeming ruin I have wrought,
Their faces glorious with the smile of faith.


From the London Spiritualist.

An experimental trial at home, among family friends and relatives, often gives the most satisfactory evidence of the reality of Spiritual phenomena: at the same time, as no fully-developed medium is present among those who have never obtained manifestations before, the probability is that there will be no results.  Nevertheless, it is a very common thing for striking manifestations to be obtained in this way at the first sitting of a family-circle.  Perhaps, for every one successful new circle thus started without a medium, there are six or seven failures; but no accurate statistics on this point have yet been collected.  When once manifestations have been obtained, they will gradually increase in power and reliability at successive sittings.  The following is a good plan of action:

1. Let the room be of a comfortable temperature, but cool rather than warm; let arrangements be made that nobody shall enter it, and that there shall be no interruption, for one hour—during the sitting of the circle.  Wet, damp, and foggy weather is bad for the production of physical phenomena.

2. Let the circle consist of four, five, or six individuals—about the same number of each sex.  Sit round an uncovered wooden table, with all the palms of the hands in contact with its top surface.  Whether the hands touch each other, or not, is usually of no importance.  Any table will do—just large enough to conveniently accommodate the sitters.  The removal of a hand from the table for a few seconds does no harm; but, when one of the sitters breaks the circle by leaving the table, it sometimes, but no always, very considerably delays the manifestations.

3. Before the sitting begins, place some pointed lead-pencils, and some sheets of clean writing-paper, on the table, to write down any communications that may be obtained.

4. People who do not like each other should not sit in the same circle; for such a want of harmony tends to prevent manifestations, except with well-developed physical mediums; it is not yet known why.  Belief or unbelief has no influence on the manifestations; but an acrid feeling against them is a weakening influence.

5. Before the manifestations begin, it is well to engage in general conversation or in singing; and it is best that neither should be of a frivolous nature.  A prayerful, earnest feeling among the members of the circle is likely to attract a higher and more pleasing class of spirits.

6. The first symptom of the invisible power at work is often a feeling like a cool wind sweeping over the hands.  The first manifestations will probably be table-tiltings or raps.

7. When motion of the table or sounds are produced freely, to avoid confusion, let one person only speak, and talk to the table as to an intelligent being.  Let him tell the table that three tilts or raps mean “Yes,” one means “No,” and two mean “Doubtful;” and given in answer, then say, “If I speak the letters of the alphabet slowly, will you signal every time I come to the letter you want, and spell us out a message?”  Should three signals be given, set to work on the plan proposed; and from this time an intelligent system of communication is established.

8. Afterwards the question should be put, “Are we sitting in the right order to get the best manifestations?”  Probably some members of the circle will then be told to change seats with each other; and the signals will be afterwards strengthened.  Next ask, “Who is the medium?”  When spirits come, asserting themselves to be related or known to anybody present, well-chosen questions should be put to test the accuracy of the statements, as spirits out of the body have all the virtues and all the failings of spirits in the body.


The Thirty-First of March.

Having incidentally learned that Mr. Lawrence of Cleveland, O., was the first to suggest the observance of an anniversary day, we addressed him the following note:

“MR. JAMES LAWRENCE.  Dear Sir—Will you be so kind as to furnish for ‘The Year-Book’ the exact circumstances connected with the origination and presentation of the idea of an anniversary to be held in commemoration of the advent of modern Spiritualism?”

To this request we received the following reply:

CLEVELAND, O., May 2, 1870.

 MY FRIENDS TUTTLE AND PEEBLES—Yours of the 20th of April was duly received.  The suggestion for a public celebration, commemorative of the advent of modern Spiritualism through the rappings at Hydesville, emanated from myself.  The particulars, in brief, are these.  On the twelfth day of November I was using the spirit-dial, known as Prof. Hare’s dial.  I received a communication of which I had no previous thought: consequently it could not be deemed a design of my own, and hence must be recognized as an emanation from those who are freed from earth’s encumbrances.

At the National Convention the following year, by the advice of my spirit-friends and my own convictions, I brought it before the delegates as a resolution, which was accepted, not as mine, but under angel-guidance—as coming from the higher realm, to keep alive the gratitude of those who can accept and comprehend the glorious boon—the assurance of immortality—furnished by Spiritualism.  To that God whose ways are inscrutable, and beyond the ken of mortal minds, would I express my gratitude for being made the humble instrument, through angel-promptings, to impart the thought that millions now existing, and millions yet unborn, may hail with gratitude unbounded the opportunity to celebrate an event more joyous in its character than mortal eyes have ever witnessed.

Your friend and brother,
The resolution alluded to was as follows:

Whereas Spiritualism has become a power in the land, and may be deemed the great growing religious idea of the country; and whereas it is well to revert to the time of small beginnings, and hold in remembrance the first pioneers in this Spiritual movement; therefore Resolved, That this convention recommend to all State conventions and local societies to make the time of the appearance of the Rochester rappings an anniversary-day—the services of that day to be conducted in each locality as may be deemed most practical.”

To this Mr. Lawrence responded by reading the communication he had received through his dial, a portion of which we insert:

“. . . Some acknowledgment should be made for this most glorious change, the advent of which has never yet been celebrated as a matter of public rejoicing by the assembled multitudes of Spiritualists throughout the land.  Shall all the minor circumstances of earth-life have their days of commemoration, and this glorious, new, and holy dispensation be neglected?  . . . It is time some such tribute should be paid to those who have thus presented to the world a means of emancipation from error, such as well meet the requirements of all—a day of universal jubilee, to be observed through all coming time.”

Mr. Lawrence has already passed the term of years said to be allotted to man.  His snow-white hair and beard, connected as they are with a singularly erect and manly bearing, make him a conspicuous personage at the assemblies of the Spiritualists in his city.  Widely and honorably connected, the most bigoted opposer would not dare to charge him with knowing imposture.

The suggestion was timely, and was at once acted upon.  The 31st of March, 1870, was almost universally observed, not only by the societies in the cities, but by the smaller and less conspicuous.  The programme adopted was nearly the same in all cases; speaking occupying the early evening, followed by a social.

Every society which claims to be based in any wise on the reception of Spiritualism should celebrate this auspicious day, and make it, for the future, incomparably more suggestive than Christmas has been in the past.

“The Banner of Light,” in an editorial on this twenty-second anniversary, beautifully remarks—

“The truth as it is in Nature has spread its warming rays; and thousands of hearts all over our broad nation, the countries of the Old World, and, indeed, the far-off islands of the sea, are to-day rejoicing in its advancing light.  How appropriate, then, in the language of a contemporary, that we should celebrate the anniversary of ‘the coming of that first mysterious rap, which, exciting only derision in those narrow souls whose mental horizon is bounded by their bodily vision, sounded throughout all space the knell of superstition and the birth of the new Prometheus of science, the future God, who will rule the universe by a knowledge of its laws’!

“But, while we rejoice in the triumphs of our cause, let us remember the work which we, as co-operative agents with the angels, must perform.  There are Gethsemanes and Calvaries, and thorns and crosses, even in this our lower world, for the brave disciples of a maturing good to humanity.  As in ancient days, so now, the Great Spirit has spoken, not in the whirlwind of Horeb, but in the ‘still small voice;’ and thus, rather in quiet, earnest devotion to principle, than in stormy and vindictive denunciation of those differing with us, shall our cause ‘have its due course, and be glorified.’  With the earnest prayer that the spirit of that charity which ‘suffereth long, and is kind,’ may abide with and be exercised by the believers in our philosophy in the year that is to come—both with regard to their brethren and sisters of the faith, and the outer world as well—we close the volume of the past, and enter hopefully upon the deeds and duties of the future.”

California—Its Ways and Wonders


California as a State is still in her teens. Like Young America, she has ignored bonds and boundaries: she has been in truth a law unto herself, going the way she chose, doing as she would. Culture and experience will by and by place her in the front ranks of reform. Fortunately, the young state has never put on the iron yoke of conservatism; she has, consequently, been free to accept whatever seemed worthy of attention.

In 1849, California had no building worthy the name of church. The Catholics had established a few missions for the benefit of the natives; but the white population gave little heed to the doctrines taught by the fathers. San Francisco was then the gambler’s paradise. Gold in its plenitude came and went like April snows. Sunday was the people’s gala-day. The gambler plied his vocation at the street-corners, and in the best halls and finest houses. The theaters were then, and are now, open on Sunday.

The fabulous stories of California gold set the tide of emigration towards its shores. The Occident and Orient became represented. All nationalities are here congregated. When the gold-excitement subsided, the soul naturally enough asserted itself. The religious element, the saving power, came to the rescue of those who failed to find rest and riches in the new country. No Puritan laws have been enacted here, saying to the soul, “Thus far, and no farther.” Every worshiper can build his own altar, and consecrate it to any god he may choose. The Jew has built his synagogue, the Chinese his temple, the Buddhist his shrine, the Christian his church. Each went his way without molestation.

But, with all these altars and various creeds, half the population are still churchless. Munificent Nature has been the priestess, law-giver, teacher. The Sierra Nevadas, the Yosemite, the broad valleys, the wealth of waters, are suggestive of a father’s generous love and ever-protective care.

The old garments seem quite too small; and patching and piecing are not in accordance with California custom. But in ignoring the old faith, in refusing to pay blind homage to the “unknown gods,” the soul has not denied allegiances to truth; it has loved, hoped, waited.

When California was yet a Territory, when men lived in mining-camps and canvas-tents, they were reciprocants of angels’ visits. In many of the mining-districts there were men who saw visions, who dreamed pleasant and prophetic dreams—men who communicated by means of table-tipping and raps, and spoke in “new tongues.” Not a few faint hearts gathered strength from the good words the angels spoke. Wandering souls heard and heeded the spirit’s gentle warning; the sorrowing were made glad, the mourner was comforted. Rough miners have many a time gathered under the friendly branches of a forest-tree to listen while some one of their number read from a well-worn newspaper tidings from the land of souls, or to the inspired words of one of their own number. The Californians learned by “the angel Past” that the bearers of spirit-messages were coming to them. They hoped and waited.

MRS. ELIZA W. FARNHAM, author of “Woman and her Era,” “The Ideal Attained,” and other works, came in an early and dark day. She was among the first to accept angel-teachings, and the first to give a lecture in the interest of Spiritualism in the territory. Her words of love, the new faith she proclaimed, won for her the esteem of the good and the curses of the bigot. Her heart beats in heaven now. She bore to that better land the blessings of the souls she saved.

MISS MUNSON, in 1856, came to the golden shore. A good medium, she gave heed to the famishing souls of many, and went on to another labor-field.

J. V. MANSFIELD, a remarkable writing-medium, came next. He spoke to the investigator in his native tongue. The Chinese, the German, the Jew—all heard from their loved ones who had gone to the hereafter. In blessing he was blessed.

MRS. ADA FOYE, a good rapping and writing medium, has resided here five years, doing missionary-work among the churches.

DR. JOHN ALLYN has been on the coast some ten years. His time is not given altogether to the promulgation of spiritualism; yet he is a good and faithful servant, speaking ever for a cause that is dear to his soul.

HON. J. M. PEEBLES, the well-known author and speaker, visited California in 1861. He came in search of healing balm. But the field demanded laborers; and he was pressed into service, working with a will—mostly in Woodland and Sacramento. Though frail and negative, what of vitality he had was consecrated to humanity and the dissemination of the Spiritual philosophy. His earth-work, we are glad to say, did not end on this coast. He is now United States consul to Trebizond, Turkey in Asia, where he is doing government duty, and prosecuting exhaustive researches into the Spiritualism of the East. During four years previous to his leaving America for the Old World, he was connected editorially with “The Banner of Light.”

BENJAMIN TODD was here some two or three years, speaking, and publishing “The Banner of Progress.” He has performed bold service in putting down the old, in excavating and laying the foundations for the new temple. He is now in Oregon as missionary.

EMMA HARDINGE gave one of her best years to this State. She went from mountain to valley, from hamlet to city, heeding neither summer’s heat nor winter’s storms. The people called; the angels said, “Go, the bearer of good news and grand thoughts.” She went and worked just as Emma Hardinge will work.

LAURA DE FORCE GORDON, a clear-headed, strong-handed woman, has been here and there some two years. Nothing intimidates her. When work is to be done, she will do it, and do it well; some one says, with a rush. She has spoken thirteen out of fourteen consecutive nights. The woman’s suffrage cause has enlisted her services; but she is not lost to ours.

MRS. C. M. STOWE has been five years in the State. She devotes her time and energies to healing the sick, and speaking to the people. She has averaged two lectures a week for five years.

J. M. SPEAR has been here for some months, speaking, healing, and aiding all charitable works. Mrs. C. H. Spear is ever at her husband’s side, helping by her loving words and tender sympathy.

MRS. LAURA CUPPY SMITH. A literary gentleman of San Francisco, in a private note, says, “Mrs. Smith has labored in California some five years—three in San Francisco. During these years, she has delivered over five hundred lectures. Her platform has always been broad and independent. It embraces not only the fact and philosophy of invisible intelligence and manifestations, but all suggestions of an elevating and reforming tendency. She is true to truth as she understands it. She is not nor will be wedded to party or sect. As an orator she has no superior. She wins all hearts by her sweet and persuasive voice.” The crowding of large halls, when she speaks, is testimony enough to her worth.

MISS ELIZA HOWE FULLER, a young lady from Maine, has, by preaching, and by living the doctrines she preaches, done a good and very acceptable work in San Francisco.

REV. J. S. LOVELAND has commenced a course of lectures in San Francisco. It is hoped that he will be induced to remain—a minister of the New Dispensation.

J. S. FINNEY has been an eloquent defender of our faith; and would be still, no doubt, were he not called in another direction.

MRS. AMANDA D. WIGGIN of Los Angeles is a fine clairvoyant and good trance-speaker. It is to be hoped that she will devote her time to the cause so dear to her soul.

MRS. MARY BEACH of San Jose possesses rare clairvoyant gifts. She has done excellent missionary work in various places. She once met a band of hostile Indians. She was powerless. A shocking fate seemed inevitable; but the angels were with her. An old chief who had gone to the “happy hunting-grounds” came and spoke, through her, to the red men, calling them “children.” One of them said in broken English, “You white squaw know my father. You see him. He talk to us. We no hurt you.”

These apostles of the New Philosophy have scattered far and wide the germs of truth. There are a number of societies, but only two Children’s Lyceums yet established; but there is a grand future for California.


Spiritualism in Washington, D. C.


Here, in the capital of the nation, Spiritualism is an established fact, and is daily growing in the estimation of an intelligent public. Through much opposition, and great persecution, the friends—few in number, but with large hearts—rallied around their chosen leaders, John Mayhew and Rev. George White; who, thus sustained, faced the storm, mildly forbearing, and never returning railing for railing, and by their steady, unflinching, and consistent course have gained the esteem and confidence of all. Through their instrumentality, the angels have thus far carried forward their designs, and realized the fruit of their labors. The society called the First Society of Progressive Spiritualists was organized on the last Tuesday of May, 1867; from which time, to the present, Brother Mayhew has stood at its head, with marked success in all that has pertained to the financial and spiritual affairs of the society. This society has no creed, no limitation to the growth of the mind. From its organization to the present, it has been regularly supplied with acceptable speakers, from Oct. 1 to May 31, each season; their platform entirely free. The following speakers have occupied their desk: Sarah A. Horton, Miss Bennett, Thomas Gales Forster, J. M. Peebles, Nellie T. Brigham, Mary J. Wilcoxson, Alcinda Wilhelm, Cora L. V. Tappan, Anna M. Middlebrook, Nettie Pease, N. F. White, Clair R. De Vere, Susie M. Johnson, E. V. Wilson, Emma Hardinge, Giles B. Stebbins, Moses Hull, and Isaac Rehn. During the past season, the president has succeeded in keeping the facts of spiritual intercourse before the people through the mediumship of C. R. De Vere, E. V. Wilson, Charles H. Reed, and Mrs. Keene, who have visited this city for this especial purpose. Other excellent mediums resident here have also done their share well and nobly in this good work. Among these last should be named, with honor, Mary J. Lanston (now on a mission-work in Nebraska and Iowa), Mrs. Hull, Mrs. Wright, Mrs. Sawyer, Miss Betts, Mrs. Young, Dr. Kline, and others, whose names are not now recalled.

The weekly conference-meetings during the entire three years have been of great interest and benefit to those who participated therein.

The society has now a leased hall, well furnished and decorated by themselves, which will be their permanent home for the rest of their lease—three years unexpired—by which time it is hoped that the ability may be found to erect a permanent temple.

There are a great many Spiritualists among the senators and members of Congress. From careful computation, based on personal knowledge, there are at least twenty-two out of sixty-seven in the Senate. It may be that the proportion of members of Congress may be as large, but perhaps not more than fifty out of two hundred and five. These, for the most part, are free to acknowledge themselves Spiritualists among Spiritualists, but nowhere else; they are so much afraid of losing caste by so doing. If they would be honest to themselves and the world by declaring their convictions, and boldly placing themselves by our side, it is morally certain that the Spiritualists would have the largest society in the city. Besides the above, we have high government officials, and officials of all grades, judges, auditors, commissioners, generals, &c., none of whom would at present thank you for publishing their names, or any person for reporting them. Our Children’s Progressive Lyceum has been quite interesting, though not so prosperous as we could have desired. It has been under the management of George B. Davis, conductor, and Mary B. Hosmer, guardian; both of whom have recently relinquished their offices—Mr. Davis to take up his residence far away. Thus much it was thought well to give you for your “Year-Book.”

Spiritualism in Philadelphia


When the reports of the Rochester rappings were sent over the land, a few persons in this city, who have been engaged in investigations in magnetism and psychology, were ready to examine into the matter carefully.

Andrew Jackson Davis’s great work, “Nature’s Divine Revelations,” had been before the public, and was creating considerable interest.

An association was formed in 1850 for the purpose of reading this book in public; and, in the autumn of that year, a circle was formed for the purpose of obtaining spiritual communications. A clairvoyant medium had given directions as to the sittings; and, for four months, they continued their meetings with great regularity. At the end of that time, about the 1st of February, 1851, the first well-defined manifestations were received in the form of raps. The writer was not a member of the circle, but was pursuing similar investigations, and received communications through a private medium, by means of the raps, about the same time. There were three places in our city where the raps occurred within two weeks of the 1st of February, 1851. Mediums were developed in various places, and considerable excitement created.

An association was formed in this year for the purpose of securing lecturers, which was continued in existence up to the present time, and is now known as “The First Association of Spiritualists of Philadelphia.” It has leased the church formerly known as Stockton’s Church: it is a plain building, neatly fitted up, and capable of seating one thousand persons. They have adopted the name of Harmonial Hall for it. Regular meetings are held as follows: Lectures on Sunday morning and evening, and Friday evenings; Lyceum No. 1 on Sunday afternoon; conferences on Wednesday evenings.

There is a society, which owns, and holds its meetings at, the Thompson-street Church. This was formerly a Universalist church, but is now dedicated as “The First Spiritualist Church.” They hold meetings and public circles on Sundays, and occasionally on other evenings.

An organization known as “The Spiritual Union” occupied Washington Hall.

There are three Children’s Lyceums in the city. No. 1 is the largest and most successful. It was instituted in 1864, under the auspices of S. J. Finney; and, for nearly six years, was under the able conductorship of Michael B. Dyott, aided by his earnest and devoted wife, Mary J. Dyott, and a corps of excellent leaders. At one time, it had three hundred members.

Lyceum No. 2 has been in existence several years, and has about one hundred members.

The Spiritual Union had a very successful Lyceum under the conductorship of Damon Y. Kilgore, but has adjourned, subject to the call of the officers.

It is difficult to estimate the number of Spiritualists in our city. The Catholic council, in estimating the number of Spiritualists of the country at eleven millions, must have depended mainly in their estimates upon information obtained in the large cities. One of the liberal papers estimates the number in our city at thirty thousand.

I believe, that, taking the three fundamental positions of Spiritualism—1st, That man is a spirit now and here; 2nd, That the spirit has unbroken and continued existence; and, 3rd, That it can, under favorable conditions, communicate with those in the form—one hundred thousand persons in this city will willingly indorse them.

I estimate the number in the State at two hundred and fifty thousand. There are, I think, three hundred public and private mediums in this city, and six hundred in other parts of the State.

Names of Prominent Spiritualists

W. J. Champernowne, Kingston-on-Thames, in a letter referring to distinguished individuals accepting Spiritual communion as a truth, says—

“Among investigators we may number divines, logicians, and teachers in our schools of learning; physicians and lawyers; men of note in the arts, sciences, and literature; statesmen, princes, and emperors. I may mention, in proof of these statements, the names of the late Archbishop Whately; Prof. De Morgan; the late Prof. William Gregory of Edinburgh; the poet-laureate and his brother; the poets Longfellow, Sheldon Chadwick, and Gerald Massey; Thackeray; Ruskin; Mr. and Mrs. William Howitt; Mr. and Mrs. S. C. Hall; Catherine Crowe; Mr. and Mrs. Newton Crossland; Lord Lytton; Robert Chambers; the Rev. J. G. Wood, the eminent writer on natural history; Baron S. S. Kirkup; Lord Lindsay; Lord Dunraven; Lord Adair; Dr. J. M. Gulley; Dr. J. J. Garth Wilkinson; Hon. George Thompson; Hon. Robert Dale Owen; Prof. A. R. Wallace, an eminent scientist; Profs. Varley, Crooks, De Morgan, Gunning, Denton; Epes Sargent; Miss Sedgewick; the late painters, Blake and Flaxman; Hiram Powers the sculptor, and others; the late Sir Charles Napier; Lady Paulet; Lady Power; Lady Eardley; Hon. Mrs. Cowper; Mrs. Milner Gibson; Louis Kossuth; Garibaldi; Mazzini; Victor Hugo; M. Guizot; M. Léon and Jules Favre; Lord Lyndhurst; the late Rev. Isaac Taylor; Rev. Dr. Jabez Burns; Dr. Campbell; Dr. Cumming; Capt. Burton; Sir Roderick J. Murchison; Drs. Ashburner; Spencer T. Hall; Elliotson; the Marquis de Mirville; Léon Favre, Consul-General of France; the Emperor of the French; the Emperor and Grand Dukes of Russia; the late President Lincoln; Judge Edmonds, Judge Lawrence, and others on the bench; W. Lloyd Garrison; Hon. B. F. Wade; Senators Howard, Harris, and other Congressmen.”

History of the National Organization of Spiritualists


On the 5th, 6th, and 7th of August, 1859, a convention was held at Plymouth, Mass., at which the following officers were chosen:

President—H. F. GARDNER, M. D., of Boston, Mass.

Vice-Presidents—Rev. J. S. Loveland of Medford, Mass.; Henry C. Wright of Boston, Mass.; B. P. Shillaber of Boston, Mass.; Hon. J. M. Kinney of Wareham, Mass.

Secretaries—A. B. Child, M. D., of Boston, Mass.; G. Johnson of Middleborough, Mass.; B. H. Crandon of Plymouth, Mass.

This convention adopted a declaration of sentiment.

The following preamble and resolution, presented by Col. S. D. Fay of Texas, were adopted by the convention:

Whereas, The phenomena of modern Spiritualism, by their startling significance and world-wide diffusion, have assumed, in the opinion of this convention, an importance worthy the earnest consideration of all rational minds, demonstrating as they do the immortality of the soul, and inaugurating a purer theology and a deeper philosophy than humanity has hitherto attained, and all pointing to the slow but certain approach of the long-promised era of peace on earth, and good-will to man; and whereas the existence of these phenomena is, by the great majority of both the learned and unlearned, utterly ignored, or else met with ridicule and harsh opposition; and whereas some organization, or concentrated effort, for the purpose of spreading the facts of Spiritualism broadly before the world, is a desideratum with every Spiritual reformer: be it therefore

Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed, whose duty it shall be to call a National Convention, at such time and place as shall be deemed expedient, for the purpose of carrying into effect the objects above mentioned, and for taking into consideration the interests of Spiritualism generally.”

It does not appear that this committee accomplished any thing. But in March, 1864, at a convention of Spiritualists of New England, held at Boston, Mass., a series of resolutions in regard to organization were unanimously adopted; and a committee of five were appointed to call a National Convention, at some central point in the Great West, during the coming summer.

This committee issued a call for a convention to be held in the city of Chicago on the ninth day of August, 1864; and invited all Spiritualists through the country to meet there. In response to this call, a large mass convention assembled.

Dr. Gardner was appointed temporary Chairman; and J. S. Loveland, Secretary. The Spiritualists from each State present were requested to select two of their number to constitute a committee on permanent organization.

S. S. Jones was elected President; and F. L. Wadsworth, H. B. Storer, Mrs. L. M. Patterson, and Mrs. A. Buffum, Secretaries.

This convention, which had a list of six hundred and sixty-two members—from twenty States, the District of Columbia, and Canada—was, in reality, a mass meeting, in which there was a great deal of confusion. Some of the best minds of the country were there; but it was evident that the meeting was too unwieldy to accomplish any great work.

Many resolutions were discussed and passed, and some valuable documents were read and published, in their proceedings.

The Second National Convention of Spiritualists met at Concert Hall, in the city of Philadelphia, on Tuesday, the 17th of October, 1865.

This convention was to be composed of delegates, one from each local organization, and an additional one for every fifty members, or every fraction over fifty. All Spiritualists, and other reformers throughout the world, were requested to send delegates.

Pursuant to this call, one hundred and eighty-eight delegates assembled, representing thirteen States and the District of Columbia.

Rev. John Pierpont was elected President; and H. T. Childs, Secretary.

This convention published an address to the world.

A plan of organization, so far as national conventions were concerned, making them delegate conventions, was adopted by a vote of 101 to 24.

The Executive Committee, having received an invitation to hold the Third National Convention at Providence, R. I., issued a call for a delegate convention, to meet at Pratt’s Hall, in that city, on Tuesday, the twenty-first day of August, 1866.

This was called to order at that time by the venerable John Pierpont, then in his eighty-first year.

There were present two hundred and ninety-nine delegates.

Newman Weeks of Vermont was elected President; and J. A. Rowland, D. C., Secretary.

This convention adopted a resolution, proposing a series of subjects to be reported upon at the next convention. These were as follows:

The origin and progress of modern Spiritualism.

Ancient historic Spiritualism. Referred to J. M. Peebles.

The type of Spiritual philosophy. Is it a new type? What is its type or genus? Referred to S. J. Finney.

Relations of Spiritual philosophy to the other so-called systems of philosophy. Referred to S. J. Finney.

The religion of the Spiritual movement. Referred to Henry T. Child, M. D.

Spiritual idea of man and his relations. Referred to J. S. Loveland.

Spiritual idea and methods of education. Referred to Mary F. Davis.

Reforms growing out of the Spiritual ideas and movements. Referred to Mrs. M. S. Townsend.

On the philosophy of mediumship. Referred to J. S. Loveland.

The Executive Committee received an invitation from the friends in Cleveland, O.; and issued a call for the Fourth National Convention, to be held at Brainard Hall, in that city, on Tuesday, the third day of September, 1867.

This convention was called to order by the President, Newman Weeks. In the absence of the Secretary, Henry T. Child, M. D., was appointed Secretary pro tem.

There were three hundred and twenty delegates present from twenty States.

Isaac Rehn of Pennsylvania was elected President; and Henry T. Child, M.D., Secretary.

Several of the essays were read at this convention; and a report on the Spiritual phenomena was read by Frank L. Wadsworth, which created considerable excitement, but was not adopted by the convention.

The Fifth National Convention was called by the Executive Committee, to meet in Corinthian Hall, Rochester, N. Y., on Tuesday, the 25th of August, 1868. There were present two hundred and sixty-five delegates from seventeen States and Canada.

Col. Dorus M. Fox, Michigan, was elected President; and H. T. Child, M. D., Secretary.

A committee was appointed to report a plan of organization. The constitution reported was unanimously adopted. On motion, it was

Voted, That this convention resolve itself into, and resign all its assets to, the American Association of Spiritualists.

The Sixth National Convention, or the American Association of Spiritualists, convened in the city of Buffalo, N. Y., on the 31st of August, 1869. There were one hundred and thirty-seven delegates present from eleven States. By the report of the trustees, it appears that they had published ten thousand copies of a pamphlet containing the constitution of the association, the resolutions adopted at the convention of 1868, and an address on the subject of Spiritualism. About six thousand of these had been distributed.

They had also employed three missionaries—N. Frank White for the Eastern District, Almon B. French for the Western, and Hannah F. M. Brown for California.

By the report of the Treasurer, it appears that he had received the sum of $2,621.13, and paid out $2,589.05.

A revision of the constitution took place at this meeting. Article III., on membership, was changed so as to fix the fee for membership at one dollar per year, instead of five.

The term of office of the President, Secretary, and Treasurer, was made to expire at the close of the convention, at which their successors shall be elected.

The officers elected at this meeting were—President, John G. Wait, Mich.; Secretary, Henry T. Child, M. D., Penn.; Treasurer, Levi Weaver, Md. Members of the Board J. S. Loveland and Dorus M. Fox, elected for three years. The members of the Board who continued in office were Almon B. French and Robert T. Hallock, whose terms expire in 1871; and H. F. M. Brown and George A. Bacon, whose terms expire in 1870.

State Organizations of Spiritualists

The American Association of Spiritualists—Mrs. H. F. M. Brown, President; H. T. Child, Secretary.

Colorado State Association

Connecticut State Association—Allen Hitchcock, Winsted, President; E. Annie Hinman, Agent; Lyman Baldwin, Secretary.

Delaware State Association—S. N. Fogg, President; Miss L. Brooks, Secretary.

Indiana—Samuel Maxwell of Richmond, President; Jared R. Buell of Indianapolis, Secretary.

Kansas State Association of Spiritualists—F. L. Crane, M. D., President.

Louisiana, Central Association of Spiritualists of—J. W. Allen, President; Emile F. Simon, Secretary.

Maryland State Association—Levi Weaver, President; George Broom, Secretary, Baltimore.

Massachusetts Spiritual Association—William White, President; H. S. Williams, Secretary; A. E. Carpenter, State Missionary Agent.

Michigan State Spiritual Association—D. M. Fox, President; I. P. Averill, Secretary.

Minnesota—E. K. Bangs, President; Harriet E. Pope, Morristown, Corresponding Secretary; J. L. Potter, Missionary Agent.

Nebraska—Alonzo Rodgers, Corresponding Secretary, Lincoln.

New Jersey—Susan C. Waters, President of Society, and President of Executive Committee; Stacy Taylor, Crosswicks, N. J., President of Executive Committee.

New-York State Association—A. C. Woodruff, Missionary Agent, Eagle Harbor, N.Y.

Ohio—Hudson Tuttle, President; George W. Wilson, Recording Secretary; Emma Tuttle, Corresponding Secretary; A. A. Wheelock, General Missionary Agent.

Pennsylvania State Society of Spiritualists—Clementina G. John, President; Henry F. Child, M. D., Secretary.

Southern Wisconsin State Organization—Mrs. M. L. Whitney, President, Palmyra; E. Winchester Stephens, Secretary, Janesville.

Vermont—Helen M. Slocum, President; George Dutton, M. D., Secretary, West Randolph.

Wisconsin Northern Association of Spiritualists—Mason Prist, Secretary.

Wisconsin State Association of Spiritualists—D. U. Hamilton, President; J. M. Trowbridge, Secretary; J. O. Barrett, Missionary Agent, Glen Beulah.

List of Societies of Spiritualists in the United States

Ancora, N. J.—First Spiritualist Society.—H. P. Fairfield, President; J. Madison Allen, Secretary.

Andover (O.), Lyceum and Society.—Col. W. S. Morley, President; Byron D. Morley, Secretary; I. S. Morley, Conductor; Mrs. I. A. Knapp, Guardian.

Akron (O.), Society and Lyceum.—Julius A. Sumner, President.

Alliance Society and Lyceum.—O. S. G. Haines, President; Mrs. Bailey, Secretary; A. Bailey, Conductor; Mrs. Bailey, Guardian.

Ashley (O.), Society and Lyceum.—J. H. Rosevelt, President; T. M. Leeds, Secretary; W. Granger, Conductor; Mrs. Granger, Guardian.

Atlanta (Ill.), Free-Thought Society.—Dr. Gardner, President; Mrs. G. M. Tefft, Secretary.

Baltimore (Md.), The Maryland State Association of Spiritualists.—Correspondent Hall.

Baltimore (Md.), First Spiritualist Congregation.—Saratoga Hall.

Beloit, Ill.—

Boston (Mass.), Spiritualist Meetings.—Music Hall.—Lewis B. Wilson, Manager.

Boston (Mass.), First Spiritualistic Association.—Mercantile Hall.—M. T. Dole, President; M. T. Dole, Secretary.

Bostwick Lake.—Dr. D. C. Pratt, President; A. W. Davis, Clerk.

Bucks-County Association, Penn.—Nathan Preston, President, Gardenville; Mary W. E. Roberts, Secretary, Carversville.

Buffalo, N. Y.—H. D. Fitzgerald, President; G. F. Kittredge, Secretary.

Cambridgeport, Mass.—E. A. Albee, Conductor.

Cardington, O.—Chauncey Ensign, President; M. M. Gray, Secretary.

Chelsea, Mass.—Granite-Hall Meetings.—B. T. Marlin, President; Dr. H. B. Crandon, Secretary.

Charlestown, Mass.—G. W. Knapp, President; Dr. A. H. Richardson, Corresponding Secretary.

Cleveland (O.), Society and Lyceum.—D. U. Pratt, President; R. C. Gillson, Secretary; C. I. Thatcher, Conductor; Miss Williams, Guardian.

Cincinnati, O.—George Kates, Secretary.

Clyde (O.), Lyceum and Society.—R. E. Betts, President; J. H. Randall, Conductor; Mrs. S. E. Ganson, Guardian; Mrs. Hermia Russell, Corresponding Secretary.

Dayton, O.—

Deanville, N. Y.—

Detroit, Mich.—Hall on Grand-River Street.—S. B. McCracken, President.

Delaware (O.), Society and Lyceum.—W. W. Willis, President; A. J. Rolloson, Secretary; Mr. Willis, Conductor; Mrs. H. M. McPherson, Guardian.

Dorchester, Mass.—Union-Hall Meetings.

Farmington, O.—E. F. Curtis, Secretary.

Farmington, Mich.—Norton Lapham, President.

Farmington, Minn.—S. Jenkins, President; Mrs. W. A. Carpenter, Secretary.

Fort Scott, Kan.—

Geneva (O.), Lyceum and Society—B. Webb, jun., President; A. C. Lane, Secretary; W. H. Saxton, conductor; Mrs. Emma Caswell, Guardian.

Hannibal, Mo.—N. O. Archer, President; S. Hemenway, Secretary.

Harrisburg.—Dr. Washington Barr, President.

Jefferson, O.—W. H. Crowell, Secretary.

Kalamazoo (Mich.) County Circle.—Dr. William Weyburn, President.

Kirtland (O.), Society and Lyceum.—R. P. Harmon, President; Alexander Williams, Secretary; Asa Smith, Conductor; Mrs. Makepeace, Guardian.

Lawrence, Kan.—

Lakeville, Minn.—

Leominister, Mass.—W. H. Yeaw, Secretary.

Leneroce-County Circle.—(Meets quarterly.)—S. M. Martin, President; C. H. Case, Secretary.

Los Angeles, Cal.—

Lowell, Mass.—J. S. Whitney, Conductor.

Lynn, Mass.—

Manchester, N. H.—Stephen Austin, President; A. W. Cheney, Secretary.

Manhattan, Kan.—

Madisonville, La.—J. W. Allen, President; E. S. Semens, Secretary.

Mt. Vernon Society, Mo.—

Monroe (O.), Lyceum and Society.—L. B. Howard, Secretary.

Minneapolis, Minn.—

Milan, O.—I. M. Tuttle, President; Lee Van Scotus, Secretary.

Mifflinville, O.—J. Parks, President.

Morristown, Minn.—T. R. Chapman, President; Harriet E. Pope, Secretary.

New-Jersey State Society of Spiritualists and Friends of Progress.—Stacy Taylor, President; Susan C. Waters, Secretary.

New Orleans, La.—Dr. J. W. Allen, President; James Wingard, Vice-President; E. F. Simons, Secretary.

Newburyport, Mass.—Adjutant-Captain Abner Lane, or J. F. Loring.

New-York City Society of Progressive Spiritualists.—P. E. Farnsworth, Secretary.

North-Scituate Spiritualist Association.—D. J. Bates, President and Corresponding Secretary, Cohasset.

Norwalk (O.), First Society of Spiritualists.—Ira Lake, President; Orlando Bassett, Secretary.

Nunica, Mich.—Arza Bartholemew.

Olathe, Kan.—

Oberlin, O.—N. E. Masey, President; M. M. Hall, Secretary.

Painsville (O.), Lyceum and Society.—M. J. R. Hall, President; E. R. Dewey, Secretary; A. G. Smith, Conductor; Mrs. Mary Dewey, Guardian.

Philadelphia (Penn.), First Society of Spiritualists.—H. T. Child, M.D., President; Caroline A. Grimes, Secretary.

Philadelphia (Penn.), The First Spiritual Church.—Trustees.

Philadelphia (Penn.), Spiritual Union.—A. D. Bylis, President; James M. Shumway, Secretary.

Plymouth, Mass.—L. L. Bullard, President; Mrs. T. Bartlett, Secretary.

Port Huron, Mich.—J. H. White, Secretary.

Portland (Me.), Congress-Hall Association.—J. B. Hall, President; Mrs. J. K. King, Corresponding Secretary.

Ravenna, O.—

Rensselaer (Ind.), Society of Progressive Spiritualists.—J. N. Stockhouse, Secretary.

Richfield (West), O.—S. S. Clarke, President; J. N. Chandler, Secretary.

Richmond, Penn.—C. W. Jucht, Secretary.

Richmond, Ind.—

Rockford, Ill.—D. S. Bartlett; William Hicks, Clerk.

Salem, Mass.—Walter Harris, President; Henry M. Robinson, Secretary.

Sacramento, Cal.—Pioneer Hall, Conference.

San Bernardino, Cal.—

Seattle, Wash. Ter.—D. C. Crane, President; G. T. Kenworthy, Secretary.

Seville (O.), Lyceum and Society.—Mrs. Louise Crouise, Secretary; E. E. Andrews, Conductor; Mrs. Andrews, Guardian.

Stillwater, Minn.—J. H. Soule, Chairman of Trustees.

Scituate (North), Mass.—

Springfield, Ill.—

St. Anthony, Minn.—

St. Paul, Minn.—

Sturgis, Mich.—

Swanton, O.—A. Warren, Secretary.

Terre Haute, Ind.—I. H. Stanley, President; L. B. Denchie, Secretary.

Toledo (O.), Society and Lyceum.—Oliver Stephens, President; S. S. Linton, Secretary.

Topeka, Kan.—

Thompson, O.—Henry Hurburt, President; Erastus Sumner, Secretary.

Watkins, N. Y.—

Washington (D. C.), First Society of Progressive Spiritualists.—John Mayhew, President.

Waltham, Mass.—C. O. Jennison, President; P. Jennison, Secretary.

Waldborough, Me.—Calvin H. Castner.

Weltonville, O.—John Grimes, President; William Sharp, Secretary.

Worcester, Mass.—Leander Eaton, President.

Wisconsin Southern Spiritualist Association.—Mrs. M. L. Whitney, President; E. W. Stevens, Secretary.

Willimantic, Conn.—L. H. Clark, President; William C. Fuller, Secretary.

Williamsburg, N. Y.—H. Witt, Secretary.

Worthington, O.—S. L. Skeels, President; S. M. Davis, Secretary.

Vineland, N. J.—C. B. Campbell, President; John Gage, Secretary.

Vergennes, Mich.—Benjamin Lewitt, President; Mrs. S. Slaght, Secretary.

Youngstown, O.—W. S. Thorn, President; John B. Walker, Secretary.

List of Lyceums.

Ancora, N. J.—Eben W. Bond, Conductor; Mrs. Emeline E. S. Wood, Guardian.

Akron, O.—J. A. Sumner, Conductor; Mrs. L. Barnhardt, Guardian.

Allegan, Mich.—Albert Stegeman, Conductor.

Alliance, O.—A. Bailey, Conductor.

Ashley, O.—W. Granger, Conductor; Mrs. Granger, Guardian.

Andover, O.—I. S. Morley, Conductor; Mrs. I. A. Knapp, Guardian.

Baltimore, Md.—Levi Weaver; Mrs. Walcott, Guardian.

Beloit, Wis.—William H. Calvert, Conductor.

Boston, of the First Spiritualist Association.—Mercantile Hall.—D. N. Ford, Conductor; Miss Mary A. Sanborn, Guardian.

Boston, Boylston-Street Spiritualist Association.—Temple Hall.—J. W. McGuire, Conductor; Harriet Dana, Guardian.

Bradley, Me.—J. S. Harris.

Bridgeport, Conn.—Mrs. James Wilson, Guardian.

Brooklyn, N. Y.—A. S. Kipp, Conductor.

Buffalo, N. Y.—Lester Brooks, Conductor; Mrs. Mary Lane, Guardian.

Charlestown, Mass.—Washington Hall.—Stephen R. Cole, Conductor; Miss H. S. Abbott, Guardian.

Cambridgeport, Mass.—W. H. Bettinson, Conductor; Miss A. R. Martain, Guardian.

Camden, N. J.—E. N. Dougherty, Conductor; Mrs. Fanny Brown, Guardian.

Chicago, Ill.—Dr. S. J. Avery, Conductor.

Cleveland, O.—C. J. Thatcher, Conductor; Miss Williams, Guardian.

Clyde, O.—A. B. French, Conductor; Mrs. S. E. Ganson, Guardian.

Cardington, O.—

Corry, Penn.—

Du Quoin, Ill.—J. P. Cowens, Conductor; Mrs. Melroy, Guardian.

East Abington, Mass.—Freeman Gurney, Conductor; Mrs. Consuella Hallett, Guardian.

Eel River, Cal.—Samuel Strong.

Evansville, Wis.—Eva Spencer, Guardian.

Fort Dodge, Io.—Mrs. James Swan, Guardian.

Foxborough, Mass.—C. F. Howard, Conductor; Mrs. N. F. Howard, Guardian.

Foxcraft, Me.—Mrs. A. K. P. Gray, Guardian.

Geneva, O.—W. M. Saxton, Conductor; Mrs. Emma Caswell, Guardian.

Hammonton, N. J.—J. O. Ranson, Conductor; Mrs. J. M. Peebles, Guardian.

Hingham, Mass.—E. Wilder, Conductor; Ada A. Clark, Guardian.

Kirtland, O.—Mrs. P. M. Green, Guardian.

La Porte, Ind.—Albert Eastman.

Lowell, Mass.—J. S. Whitney, Conductor; Mrs. True Morton, Guardian.

Manchester, N. H.—Mrs. M. A. Smith.

Medina, Minn.—

Milan, O.—Hudson Tuttle, Conductor; Emma Tuttle, Guardian.

Milford, Mass.—Prescott West, Conductor; Maria L. Buxton, Guardian.

Milford, N. H.—Joshua M. Holt, Conductor.

McLeon, N. Y.—Alonzo Randall, Conductor.

Monroe Center, O.—Mrs. Lucia Felch, Guardian.

Muncie, Ind.—

Newburyport, Mass.—D. W. Green, Conductor; Mrs. S. L. Farr, Guardian.

New-York City.—Dr. D. U. Martin, Conductor.

North Scituate, Mass.—D. J. Bates, Conductor; Miss Deborah N. Merritt, Guardian.

Oakland, Cal.—

Oswego, N. Y.—

Painesville, O.—A. G. Smith, Conductor; Mrs. Whitmore, Guardian.

Philadelphia (Penn.), Lyceum No. 1.—Dr. James Truman, Conductor; Mrs. Mary A. Truman, Guardian.

Philadelphia, Lyceum No. 2.—Elias H. Shaw, Conductor; Sarah Hartley, Guardian.

Philadelphia, Spiritual Union Lyceum.—Damon Y. Kilgore, Conductor; Mrs. Anabella Zallenger, Guardian.

Portland, Me.—J. B. Hall, Conductor; Mrs. R. I. Hull, Guardian.

Plymouth, Mass.—L. L. Bullard, Conductor.

Putnam, Conn.—A. S. Davis, Conductor.

Ravenna, O.—Mrs. S. M. Bassett.

Richmond, Ind.—E. F. Brown, Conductor.

Rock Island, Ill.—Henry Jones, Conductor; Mrs. Major Wilson, Guardian.

San Francisco, Cal.—Mrs. L. C. Williams, Guardian.

Seville, O.—E. E. Andrews, Conductor.

Springfield, Ill.—W. H. Planck, Conductor; Mrs. Planck, Guardian.

Stone Bluff, Ind.—Sarah A. Galloway, Guardian.

Stoneham, Mass.—E. T. Whittier, Conductor; Ida Herson, Guardian.

Sturgis, Mich.—Mrs. Nellie Smith, Guardian.

Sycamore, Ill.—Harvey A. Jones, Conductor; Mrs. H. A. Jones, Guardian.

Terre Haute, Ind.—Mrs. Emma Shoultz, Conductor; Louisa Peuce, Guardian.

Thompson, O.—

Toledo, O.—C. B. Eels; Mrs. Cyrus Green, Guardian.

Troy, N. Y.—Benjamin Starbuck, Conductor; Miss Libbie McCoy, Guardian.

Waltham, Mass.—M. P. Wyatt, Conductor; Mrs. E. Wetherbee, Guardian.

Washington, D. C.—T. B. Cadwell, Conductor; Miss Marion Litchfield, Guardian.

Willimantic, Conn.—S. A. Hunt, Conductor; Miss Annie H. Tingley, Guardian.

Vineland, N. J.—Dr. David Allen, Conductor; Mrs. Julia Brigham, Guardian.


List of Lecturers on Spiritualism and Relating Subjects

Adams, Mrs. N. A., Inspirational, box 277, Fitchburg, Mass.
Akely, Harrison, M. D., 194 S. Clark Street, Chicago, Ill.
Alexander, J. Madison, Inspirational, Trance, Chicago, Ill.
Allen, J. Madison, Boston, Mass.
Allyn, C. Fannie, Stoneham, Mass.
Allyn, John, San Francisco, Cal.
Amos, Dr. J. T., 2001 Rochester, N. Y.
Andrews, Charles A., Battle Creek, Mich.
Andross, Mrs. N. K. Trance, Delton, Wis.
Augie, Harrison, Inspirational, Charles City, Io.
Bailey, Dr. James K., box 382, Laporte, Ind.
Baker, Joseph, Inspirational, Janesville, Wis.
Ballou, Addie L., Inspirational, Chicago, Ill.
Barnes, J. M., Normal, Clover Depot, Va.
Barnum, H., Inspirational, Braceville, O.
Barrett, Rev. J. O., Normal, Inspirational, Glen Beulah, Wis.
Barstow, Henry, Inspirational, Duxbury, Mass.
Beach, Mrs. Mary E., Trance, San Jose, Cal.
Bent, M. C., Inspirational, Almond, Wis.
Bickford, J. H., Inspirational, Charlestown, Mass.
Bowman, A. P., Inspirational, Richmond, Io.
Bradbury, Mrs. P. D., Normal, North Madison, Me.
Brigham, Mrs. Nellie J. T., Elm Grove, Coleraine, Mass.
Britten, Emma Hardinge, London, England; or 229 East 60th Street, New-York City.
Brown, Mrs. A. P., Trance, St. Johnsbury Center, Vt.
Brown, Mrs. H. F. M., (care “Lyceum Banner”), Chicago, Ill.
Brown, Mrs. M. A. C., West Randolph, Vt.
Brown, Z. J., M. D., Cacheville, Cal.
Bryan, William, box 53, Camden, Mich.
Bullene, Mrs. Emma F. Jay, 151 West Twelfth Street, New York.
Burnham, Mrs. Abby N., Inspirational, No. 10 Chapman Street, Boston, Mass.
Bush, William, 163 Clarke Street, Chicago, Ill.
Bushnell, A., Inspirational, Napola, N. Y.
Butler, Jesse, Trance, Ontario, Wis.
Byrnes, Mrs., Sarah A., 87 Spring Street, East Cambridge, Mass.
Campbell, Mrs. Archy, Fairhaven, Mass.
Carpenter, Albert E. (care “Banner of Light”), Boston, Mass.
Carver, Mrs. Annie M., Trance, Cincinnati, O.
Chamberlain, Mrs. Bell A., Trance, Claremont, Minn.
Chase, Warren, 601 North Fifth Street, St. Louis, Mo.
Cheney, Simeon P., Normal, Maple Grove, Dorset, Vt.
Child, Dr. A. B., 50 School Street, Boston, Mass.
Child, Dr. Henry T., 634 Race Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Choate, J. M., Trance and Inspirational, 56 Poplar Street, Boston, Mass.
Clark, Dean, Boston, Mass. (care of “Banner of Light”).
Clark, Mrs. Jennet J., 155 Harrison Avenue, Boston, Mass.
Colyer, Mr. and Mrs., Inspirational, Kendallsville, Ind.
Cook, George Willis, Normal, Jefferson, Wis.
Cooper, Dr. James, Normal, Bellefontaine, O.
Corwin, John, Normal, Five Corners, N. Y.
Cowles, Lucia H., Inspirational, Chardon, O.
Cross, Mrs. Marietta F., Trance, Bradford, Mass.
Currier, Dr. J. H., 39 Wall Street, Boston, Mass.
Cushman, Mrs. Carrie M., Trance, Hillsborough Bridge, N. H.
Danforth, Mrs. E. B., M. D., Trance, Lawrence, Kan.
Daniels, Mrs. E. L., Boston, Mass.
Davis, A. J., Orange, N. J.
Davis, Miss Nellie L., 49 Butterfield Street, Lowell, Mass.
Davis, Miss Susie, Inspirational, Lowell, Mass.
Davis, Mrs. Addie P., White Hall, Ill.
Davis, Mrs. Agnes M., 289 Main Street, Cambridgeport, Mass.
Davis, Mrs. Mary F., Orange, N. J.
Denton, Prof. William, Wellesley, Mass.
Dickson, Miss S. E., Inspirational, Vineland, N. J.
Doten, Miss Lizzie, Pavilion, 57 Tremont Street, Boston, Mass.
Doty, J. R., M. D., Normal, New Orleans, La.
Drummond, Dr. T. M., Tallahassee, Fla.
Dunn, Dr. E. C., Trance, Inspirational, Rockford, Ill.
Durgin, Henry J., Inspirational, Cardington, O.
Dutton, George, M. D., Normal, West Randolph, Vt.
Dwight, Frank, Montana, Io.
Edmunds, Mrs. A. C., Newton, Io.
Ellis, Charles, Rationalist, Salem, O.
Emery, Dr. H. E., South Coventry, Conn.
Fairfield, Dr. H. P., Ancora, N. J.
Farlin, Charles D., Inspirational, Deerfield, Mich.
Felton, Mrs. Fannie B., South Malden, Mass.
Field, Mrs. Clara A., Newport, Me.
Fish, Rev. J. G., Inspirational, Hammonton, N. J.
Fishback, Rev. A. J., Inspirational, Port Huron, Mich.
Forster, Thomas Gales, Inspirational, 736 Eighth Street, Washington, D. C.
Foss, Andrew T., Manchester, N. H.
Francis, Rev. J., Ogdensburg, N. Y.
French, A. B., Inspirational, Clyde, O.
French, Mrs. M. L., Trance and Inspirational, 34 Wave Street, Boston.
Fuller, Eliza Howe, San Francisco, Cal.
Fuller, Mrs., Inspirational, Elk River, Minn.
Gammage, Dr., 134 South Seventh Street, Williamsburg, N. Y.
Garter, Mr., —, Vergennes, Mich.
Giles, J. G., Princeton, Mo.
Gill, Rev. Joseph C., Belvidere, Ill
Gilman, Mrs., Inspirational, Lexington, Ind.
Gordon, Mrs., Laura De Force, box 2123, San Francisco, Cal.
Graves, Kersey, Richmond, Ind.
Graves, Sarah, Inspirational, Berlin, Mich.
Greenleaf, Isaac P., 1061 Washington Street, Boston, Mass.
Greenleaf, N. S., Lowell, Mass.
Griggs, Dr. L. P., Inspirational, box 409, Fort Wayne, Ind.
Guild, John P., Lawrence, Mass.
Hardinge, Thomas, Inspirational, Sturgis, Mich.
Harris, James H., box 919, Abington, Mass.
Hastings, Zella S., Inspirational, East Whately, Mass.
Hazeltine, O. B., Trance, Mazomanie, Wis.
Hinman, E. Annie, Falls Village, Conn.
Hoadley, Mrs. M. S., Fitchburg, Mass.
Holden, E. B., Inspirational and Physician, North Clarendon, Vt.
Holt, Charles, Inspirational, Warren, Penn.
Horton, Mrs. S. A., Chicago, Ill. (care of “Present Age”)
Howe, Lyman C., Inspirational, Fredonia, N. Y.
Hubbard, Miss Julia J., Portsmouth, N. H.
Hull, D. W., Inspirational, Hobart, Ind.
Hull, Moses, Inspirational, Hobart, Ind.
Hume, William A. D., West Side, P. O., Cleveland, O.
Hutchinson, Mrs. L., Inspirational, Owensville, Cal.
Hyzer, Mrs. F. O., 122 East Madison Street, Baltimore, Md.
Jackson, Dr. C. W., Oswego, Ill.
James, Abraham, Pleasantville, Penn.
Jamieson, W. F., Lake City, Minn.
Johnson, Dr. P. T., Ypsilanti, Mich.
Johnson, Miss Susie M., Milford, Mass.
Johnston, William H., Corry, Penn.
Jones, Harvey A., Sycamore, Ill.
Kates, George, Dayton, O.
Kellogg, O. P., Inspirational, East Trumbull, O.
Kittridge, George F., Buffalo, N. Y.
Knowles, Mrs. Frank Reed, Inspirational, Breedsville, Mich.
Kutz, Mrs. M. J., Bostwick Lake, Mich.
Lambert, Mrs. A. L., Trance and Inspirational, Boston, Mass.
Lane, Mrs. Mercia, Inspirational, Braceville, O.
Leonard, H. T., Trance, Taunton, Mass.
Lewis, Joseph B., Inspirational, Yellow Spring, O.
Leys, Miss Jennie, Inspirational, 4 Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass.
Logan, Mrs. F. A., Indianapolis, Ind.
Longdon, Mary E., Inspirational, 60 Montgomery Street, Jersey City, N. J.
Loveland, J. S., 350 Jessie Street, San Francisco, Cal.
Lusk, G. W., Battle Creek, Mich.
Lynn, Cephas B., 9 Sever Street, Charlestown, Mass.
M’Cord, Prof. R. M., Centralia, Ill.
Manchester, Mrs. Lizzie, Inspirational and Singer, West Randolph, Vt.
Marsh, Charles S., Semi-Trance, Wonewoc, Wis.
Martin, Dr. W. H. C., Hartford, Conn.
Martin, Emma M., Inspirational, Birmingham, Mich.
Mason, Mr. F. H., Inspirational, North Conway, N. H.
Mathews, J. W., Heyworth, Ill.
Matthews, Mrs. Sarah H., Quincy, Mass.
Mayhew, Dr. John, box 607, Washington, D. C.
Maynard, Mrs. Nettie Colburn, White Plains, N. Y.
Middlebrook, Mrs. Anna M., box 778, Bridgeport, Conn.
Mills P. C., Normal, West Buxton, Me.
Moody, Joel, Inspirational, Mound City, Kan.
Moore, Mrs. Tamozine, Vineyards, Needham, Mass.
Morgan, Dr. Harvey, Trance, Randolph, N. Y.
Morrison, Dr. James, McHenry, Ill.
Morse, Mrs. Hannah, Trance, Joliet, Ill.
Mossop, Mrs. Inspirational, Dayton, O.
Namee, J. William Van, Trance, 420 Fourth Avenue, New York.
Nash, A. L. E., Rochester, N. Y.
Nash, Riley C., Inspirational, Deerfield, Mich.
Newcomer, G. W., M. D., 228 Superior Street, Cleveland, O.
Norwood, C., Inspirational, Ottawa, Ill.
Pace, Dr. S. D., Port Huron, Mich.
Packard, Henry, 377 Dorchester Avenue, Washington Village, Boston, Mass.
Palmer, Edward, Trance, Cambridge, Me.
Palmer, Mrs. E. N., Big Flats, N. Y.
Palmer, W. H., Big Flats, N. Y.
Parry, Mrs. Martha Hulett, Trance, Beloit, Wis.
Paul, Mrs. Emma L. Morse, Trance, Alstead, N. H.
Payne, Dr. O. B., Trance, Sacramento, Cal.
Pearsall, Lydia Ann, Inspirational, Disco, Mich.
Pease, Miss Nettie M., Trance, New Albany, Ind.
Peebles, J. M., Hammonton, N. J.
Perkins, Mrs. L. H., Trance, Kansas City, Mo.
Pierce, Dr. H. C., Normal, Nacogdoches, Tex.
Pierce, G. A., box 87, Auburn, Me.
Pike, J. Eva, Crown Point, N. Y.
Pike, William C., Boston, Mass.
Pond, A. A., Inspirational, Rochester Depot, O.
Pope, Harriet E., Trance, Morristown, Minn.
Potter, J. L., Trance, Morristown, Minn.
Potts, Mrs. Anna M. L., M. D., Adrian, Mich.
Powell, J. H., Boston, Mass.
Pratt, Mrs. E. A., Trance, East Granville, Vt.
Puffer, Mrs. J., Trance, South Hanover, Mass.
Randall, Dr. J. H., Inspirational, Clyde, O.
Randolph, Dr. P. B., 89 Court Street, Boston, Mass.
Robbins, Mrs. C. A., Inspirational, Watkins, N. Y.
Robinson, A. C., Salem, Mass.
Robinson, Mrs. Olive N., Normal, Big Flats, N. Y.
Rose, William, M. D., Inspirational, Louisville, Ky.
Rudd, Mrs. Jennie S., 140 North Main Street, Providence, R. I.
Ruggles, Mrs. Elvira Wheelock, Havana, Ill.
Sawyer, Mrs. M. E. B., Fitchburg, Mass.
Schlesinger, Louis, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Seaver, J. W., Inspirational, Byron, N. Y.
Sherwin, Mrs. C. A., Townsend Center, Mass.
Sickle, Selah Van, Greenbush, Mich.
Simmons, Austen E., Trance, Woodstock, Vt.
Slight, Mrs. S. E., Cambridgeport, Mass.
Smith, Abram, Inspirational, Sturgis, Mich.
Smith, Fannie Davis, Inspirational, Brandon, Vt.
Smith, H. H., Inspirational, Osseo, Minn.
Smith, Mrs. Almira W., 36 Salem Street, Portland, Me.
Smith, Mrs. Laura Cuppy, San Francisco, Cal.
Southworth, N. H., Trance, New Lisbon, Wis.
Sprague, Dr. E., Inspirational, Schenectady, N. Y.
Sprague, Dr. O. Clark, Rochester, N. Y.
Starbird, D. J., Milan, O.
Stearns, Mrs. H. T., State Missionary for Penn., 634 Race Street, Philadelphia.
Stephens, Rev. D. P., Normal, Inspirational, Nacogdoches, Tex.
Stevens, E. Winchester, Inspirational, Janesville, Wis.
Stevens, Miss Mary, Trance, North Montpelier, Vt.
Stiles, Joseph D., Danville, Vt.
Storer, Dr. H. B., 69 Harrison Avenue, Boston, Mass.
Stowe, Mrs. C. M., San Jose, Cal.
Sturtevant, Miss M. S., Trance, Cambridgeport, Mass.
Sutliff, O. L., Inspirational, Ravenna, O.
Swackhamer, E. R., 128 South Third Street, Brooklyn, New-York City.
Swain, Mrs. L. A. F., Inspirational, Union Lakes, Minn.
Talmadge, Mrs. Esther N., Trance, Westville, Ind.
Tanner, Mrs. Fanny, Trance, Montpelier, Vt.
Tappan, Mrs. Cora L. V., Washington, D. C.
Taylor, M. Evangelus, Inspirational, Jackson, Mich.
Thayer, Mrs., Trance, Osseo, Minn.
Thomas, Dr. S. A., Chaska, Minn.
Thompson, Mrs. Sarah M., Inspirational, 161 St. Clair Street, Cleveland, O.
Thwing, Miss Mattie, Conway, Mass.
Timmons, Mrs. Robert, Mexico, Mo.
Todd, Benjamin, Portland, Oregon.
Toohey, J. H. W., Providence, R. I.
Trask, James, Kenduskeag, Me.
Tuttle, Hudson, Berlin Heights, O.
Tyson, Alice, Trance, Inspirational, 1362 Hanover Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Wadsworth, F. L., 399 South Morgan Street, Chicago, Ill.
Waisbrooker, Lois, Des Moines, Io.
Warner, Mrs. S. E., Trance, Cordova, Ill.
Wells, Dr. R. G., Trance, Beaufort, N. C.
Wheeler, E. S., Inspirational (care “American Spiritualist”), Cleveland, O.
Wheelock, A. A., Inspirational, 47 ½ Prospect Street, Cleveland, O.
Wheelock, Rev. Dr., Inspirational, State Center, Io.
Whipple, Prof. E., Clyde, O.
White, Daniel, M. D., box 2507, St. Louis, Mo.
White, N. Frank, Inspirational, Seymour, Conn.
Whiting, A. B., Inspirational, Albion, Mich.
Whitney, J. G., Inspirational, Rock-grove City, Io.
Whittaker, Charles H., Normal, North Scituate, Mass.
Wiggin, Mrs. Amanda D., Trance, Los Angeles, Cal.
Wilcoxson, Mrs. Mary J. (care “R. P. Journal”), Chicago, Ill.
Williams, Mrs. E. A., Hannibal, N. Y.
Williams, Mrs. E. A., Inspirational, Deansville, N. Y.
Willis, F. L. H., M. d., Glenora, N. Y.
Willis, Mrs. N. J., Cambridgeport, Mass.
Willis, Mrs. S. A., Lawrence, Mass.
Wilsey, Dr. J. C., Burlington, Io.
Wilson, E. V., Lombard, Ill.
Wilson, Mrs. Hattie E., 46 Carver Street, Boston, Mass.
Wingard, Mrs., —, New Orleans, La.
Withee, Mrs. Mary E., Holliston, Mass.
Wolcott, Mrs. E. M., Canton, N. Y.
Wolson, Warren, Trance, Hastings, N. Y.
Woodruff, A. C. and Mrs. Eliza C., Eagle Harbor, N. Y.
Woodworth, Elijah, Inspirational, Leslie, Mich.
Wortman, S. H, box 1454, Buffalo, N. Y.
Wright, M., Inspirational, Middleville, Mich.
Wright, Mr. N. M., Inspirational (care “Banner of Light”), Boston, Mass.
Yeaw, Juliette, Inspirational, Northborough, Mass.
Young, Mr. and Mrs. William J., Boise City, Idaho Ter.
Young, Mrs. Fannie T., Trance, Center Strafford, N. H.


List of Media in the United States, with Post-Office Address

[Abbreviations—Ph., physical; tr., trance; cl., clairvoyant; see., seeing; h., healing; bu., business; sing., singing; im., improvisational; med., medical; wr., writing; mu., musical; dev., developing; insp., inspirational; psy., psychological; sp., spirit; mag., magic.]

Abbot, Mrs., —, dev., 148 Fourth Avenue, Chicago, Ill.
Abbott, Mrs. Orrin, dev., Peoria, Ill.
Alberly, Mrs. Ann, h., Lockport, N. Y.
Allen, D. C., im., Lawrenceburg, Mo.
Allen, Henry (“The Allen Boy”), musical and ph., Morrisville, Vt.
Allen, Mrs. Buffington, wr. And tr., Boston, Mass.
Allyn, Mrs. C. Fannie, im., tr., Stoneham, Mass.
Andrews, L. M., tr., Mount Vernon, Mo.
Andrews, Marshall A., H. and test, Gowanda, N. Y.
Angel, A. A., healing, Green Garden, Ill.
Anson, D. B., test, Convis Belleview, Mich.
Anthony, Mrs. Susan B., med., cl., and test, Philadelphia, Penn.
Armstrong, Mr., —, Columbus, O.
Ayres, Mrs. S. B., h., Keokuk, Io.
Bates, Mrs. D. J., test, Cohasset, Mass.
Beach, Mary, clairvoyant, San Jose, Cal.
Beals, Bishop A., tr., test, and musical, Versailles, N. Y.
Beckwith, Miss Eliza, unconscious tr., Boston, Mass.
Beckwith, Pearl S., healer, Milan, O.
Beitel, Peter, mag. H., No. 229 North 12th Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Betts, Miss Sarah H., Washington, D. C.
Blaker, Pye, tr. and test, 855 North 10th, Philadelphia, Penn.
Boker, Mrs. Amy, h., Morristown, Minn.
Bonney, Eleanor, clairvoyant, Avon Springs, N. Y.
Bradford, Mrs. J., tr., N. Scituate, Mass.
Brewster, Dr., healing, Morrisville, Vt.
Brown, Dr., clairvoyant and h., Kendallville, Ind.
Brown, Elisha, h., Versailles, N. Y.
Bryant, Dr. J. P., h., 325 West 34th Street, New-York City
Burnell, Mrs., wr., Lexington, Ind.
Butler, Mrs. A. J., clairvoyant and tr., 410 Kearny Street, San Francisco, Cal.
Cadwell, Georgia, test, personating, Aurora, Minn.
Cain, M. A., seeing and writing, Christiana, Penn.
Carman, Dr., healer, Ladoga, Ind.
Cates, Mrs. J. M., healer, wr., dev., Boston, Mass.
Caulkins, Mrs. R., healing, Green Garden, Ill.
Chamberlain, Annie Lord, ph. and tr., Boston, Mass.
Chamberlain, Mrs. Belle, speaking, Claremont, Minn.
Chamberlain, Mrs. S., h., Le Roy, N. Y.
Child, Henry T., M. D., 634 Race Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Churchill, Enos, h., Dansville, Wis.
Clark, Mrs. Jennet J., clairvoyant, Boston, Mass.
Coit, Mrs. E., clairvoyant, Columbus, O.
Conant, Mrs. J. H., clairvoyant, test (“Banner of Light”), Boston, Mass.
Cooper, Dr. James, h., Bellefontaine, O.
Currier, Dr. J. H., h., med. and bu. clairvoyant, 39 Wall Street, Boston, Mass.
Cushman, Mrs. W. H., musical, Melrose, Mass.
Cutter, Mrs., ph., Boston, Mass.
Darling, Dr., healing, Glover, Vt.
Davenport, Mrs., unconscious tr., Boston, Mass.
Davis, Mrs., tr., Rochester, N. Y.
Davison, Flora, insp., Gowanda, N. Y.
Davison, Mrs. Mercy, h., Gowanda, N. Y.
Dean, Mrs. R. W., clairvoyant, Belvidere, Ill.
Dexter, Mrs. A., clairvoyant, No. 216 West 17th Street, New-York City.
Emory, Mrs. M., clairvoyant and speaking, Prophetstown, Mo.
English, Mrs. A. C., h., Batavia, N. Y.
Farquhar, Ellen d., tr. and test, Litchfield, Ill.
Fayette, J. B., sp. artist, Oswego, N. Y.
Floyd, Mrs., clairvoyant, Boston, Mass.
Foley, Miss Blanche, clairvoyant and tr., 634 Third Avenue, New-York City.
Ford, Mrs. Sarah, tr., Boston, Mass.
Foy, Mrs. E., test, No. 1106 Buttonwood Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Freeman, Dr. Benj., healing, Columbus, O.
Freeman, Dr. T. J., h. and clairvoyant, Milwaukee, Mich.
French, M. A., visionist and clairvoyant, Boston, Mass.
French, Mrs. H. J., cl. and mag., No. 1325 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Penn.
Friend, Julia M., med. and clairvoyant, Boston, Mass.
Fuller, Eliza Howe, h., 925 Market Street, San Francisco, Cal.
Fuller, Mrs., test and sp., Elk River, Minn.
Gay, Miss M. C., cl., Boston, Mass.
Gibbs, Mrs. George, tr., Batavia, N. Y.
Gibson, Dr. J., mag. Physician, 652 Market Street, San Francisco, Cal.
Glanding, Mrs., tr. and test, Oxford, below 11th, Philadelphia, Penn.
Goodfellow, Mrs. Anne, tr., t., 412 Enterprise Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Goodman, Mr. and Mrs., h., test, wr., Columbus, O.
Graham, Mrs., personating, Sacramento, Cal.
Grasmuck, Mrs. A., wr., Weston, Mo.
Gray, Mrs., tr., test, 746 south Front Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Green, Mr. and Mrs. Benj., clairvoyant and mag. h., Boston, Mass.
Green, Mrs. J., unconscious tr. and h., Boston, Mass.
Gregory, E., h. and wr., Lockport, N. Y.
Grover, Dr. Samuel, h., 23 Dix Place, Boston, Mass.
Hall, Miss J., h., Gowanda, N. Y.
Hamilton, U. S., healing, Beloit, Wis.
Hardy, Mrs. M. M., tr. and test, Boston, Mass.
Harrison, George T., clairvoyant, test, Gowanda, N. Y.
Hatch, Freeman, h. and dev., Boston, Mass.
Hatch, Miss Mary S., tr., test and bu., Boston, Mass.
Hatch, Mrs. Laura Hastings, musical, Boston, Mass.
Hayward, A. S., mag. h., Boston, Mass.
Hazelton, Mrs., drawing, Boston, Mass.
Heal, D. E., healing, Atlanta, Ga.
Hebbard, L. E., improvisational, West Salem, Wis.
Hedon, James, test, Dawagiac, Mich.
Hendee, Miss M. I., cl. and mag. physician, 102 Post Street, San Francisco, Cal.
Hendrick, E. M., healing and im., Mount Vernon, O.
Herrick, Dr. Henry, healing, Milwaukee, Wis.
Herrick, Mrs., tr., test, Boston, Mass.
Herring, Dr. W. W., mag. and clairvoyant h., 490 Market Street, Milwaukee, Wis.
Hill, Barry, clairvoyant healing, North Fairfield, O.
Hill, V. T., h. and im., St. Francisville, Mo.
Hodge, M., tr., Boston, Mass.
Hooker, Mrs. M., healing, Macon, Ga.
Hough, DeWitt Clinton, ph. 2108 Mt. Vernon Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Howard, Mrs. H. A., seeress, Evansville, Wis.; North Barton, N. Y.
Howard, O., healing, Lexington, Ind.
Howe, Dr. and Mrs., clairvoyant physicians, Volney, Io.
Howell, Mrs. U. C., h. and psychometric.
Howland, Mrs. E., tr., Boston, Mass.
Hull, Annie M., tr., psy., and business, Hobart, Ind.
Hull, Mrs. A., tr., test, 851 North 10th Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Hull, Mrs. D. W., psychometric, Hobart, Ind.
Hutson, Lloyd, rap. and tip., Green Garden, Ill.
Hyde, Mrs. L. F., test, 453 Sixth Avenue, New-York City.
Jenison, Charles O., ph., Waltham, Mass.
Judd, Mrs. E. M., clairvoyant and test, Volney, Io.
Kane, Margaretta Fox, rapping, 102 West 29th Street, New-York city.
Kayner, Dr. D. P., cl., med., Erie, Penn.
Keen, Edward, tr., test, 1355 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Penn.
Kegwin, Mrs., test and ph., Jeffersonville, Ind.
Keizer, Lizzie, tr., test, Cincinnati, O.
Kelly, E. S., healing and sp., Lettsville, Io.
Kimball, Mrs. S. A. N., tr., Sackett’s Harbor, N. Y.
Kingsley, Mrs., —, h., Brighton, Ind.
Lambert, Mrs. A. L., cl., test, Boston, Mass.
Latham, Mrs. A. C., med., clair., and h., 292 Washington Street, Boston, Mass.
Lawrence, James, wr., Cleveland, O.
Laws, Mrs. R. E., cl. and psychometrist, 206 Kearney Street, San Francisco, Cal.
Lawson, Mrs., clairvoyant, Kendallville, Ind.
Leavens, Miss Henrietta, wr., Berkshire Center, Vt.
Lepper, Mrs., h., Araka, Minn.
Lewis, E. W. and M. D., h., Watkins, N. Y.
Lewis, Mrs. C. C., test, North Scituate, Mass.
Lincoln, Mr. M. V., tr. and clairvoyant, Boston, Mass.
Littlejohn, Mrs., 354 Tremont Street, Boston, Mass.
Lord, Mrs. M. Barrack, ph., test, Fond du Lac, Wis.
Lougee, Mrs. S., tr., Boston, Mass.
Lunt, Henry., tr., test, bu., Plymouth, Mass.
Lusk, G. W., healer, Battle Creek, Mich.
Mackinley, Mrs. Frances E., clairvoyant, 972 6th Avenue, New-York City
Mansfield, J. V., tr. and wr., 102 West 15th Street, New-York City
Marks, Mrs., test, 1009 Federal Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Martin, Mrs. C. M., im. and h., Rutland, Wis.
Martin, Mrs. Jennie, cl. and rap., 1315 North 10th Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
McKain, Mrs., tr. and h., Oakland, Mich.
McMasters, H. P., insp., Eden, O.
McNeil, Mrs. E., cl. and trance, No. 1346 Hanover Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
McPherson, Mrs. H. M., trance, Delaware City, O.
Medus, A. H., clairvoyant and tr., St. Francisville, Mo.
Michener, Mr. and Mrs., seeing and wr., Christiana, Penn.
Miles, Mrs. Nancy, healing, Janesville, Wis.
Mileson, N., sp. artist, 658 Broadway, N. Y.
Mixer, Mrs. S., H., Milford, N. H.
Mock, Mrs., 612 North 12th, Philadelphia, Penn.
Moliere, Mrs., trance, test, Toledo, O.
Morse, J. M., unconscious tr., Boston, Mass.
Mumler, Mrs. William H., tr. and h., Boston, Mass.
Murr, Mrs., med., clairvoyant, 322 North Front Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Nelson, Mrs. Nellie E., tr., test, bu., Boston, Mass.
Newcomb, Dr. George L., ph., North Scituate, Mass.
Newcomer, G. W., M. D., healer, 228 Superior Street, Cleveland, O.
Newhall, Mrs. E., h. and tr., Boston, Mass.
Newton, J. R., M. D., h., Newport, R. I.
Orr, Mrs. Mattie M., clairvoyant, Keokuk, Io.
Owen, Mrs. J. P., healer, Amesville, O.
Ozier, J. M., healing, Olensburg, O.
Paine, Amasa, physical test, Hardwich, Vt.
Palmer, Mrs. Mary, med., clairvoyant, 1450 North 11th, Philadelphia, Penn.
Payne, Dr. O. B. and Mrs., tr. and clairvoyant, Sacramento, Cal.
Persons, Dr. W., St. Louis, Mo.
Phelps, Dr. E. C., St. Anthony, Minn.
Pierce, Dr. A. P., clairvoyant and med., Boston, Mass.
Pierce, Mrs. Dr., test, writing, and clairvoyant, Nacogdoches, Tex.
Plumb, Mrs. J. L., clair., Boston, Mass.
Pope, Harriet E., trance-speaker, Morristown, Minn.
Pope, Isaac, h., Morristown, Minn.
Porter, Mrs. Mary A., med., bu., clairvoyant, Boston, Mass.
Post, Dr. R., h., St. Paul, Minn.
Pound, Mrs. Elijah, psychometrist and h., Eau Claire, Wis.
Powell, Mrs. J. H., sp. dancer, Boston, Mass.
Powell, Mrs., tr., test, and rap., 1134 South 5th Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Prescott, Mrs. J., tr., Quincy, Mass.
Preston, Mrs. L. O., h., Avon Springs, N. Y.
Priest, J. B., h., Sacramento, Cal.
Ramsdell, Mrs. Maria, H., Laoni, N. Y.
Reed, Mrs., test, Columbus, O.
Reilly, Mather, test, 303 Wood Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Reynolds, Mrs., tr., test, 1013 Parrish Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Rhodes, Joel H., M. D., clairvoyant and h., 1135 Race Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Rice, Diantha E., insp., Boston, Erie County, N. Y.
Richardson, Dr. A. H., h., Charlestown, Mass.
Robinson, Katie B., cl. and test, 2123 Brandywine Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Rockwood, Mrs. William, tr. and med., 47 East Springfield Street, Boston, Mass.
Rodgers, Prof., 327 Gaskell Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Rowley, Mrs., speaking, Farmington, Minn.
Ruttley, J. H., M. D., h., Health Institute, 1111 Girard Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Seaver, J. W., personating, wr., and sp., Byron, N. Y.
Severance, Dr. A. B., psychometrist, White Water, Wis.
Severance, Miss Lizzie A., tr., test, and bu., Boston, Mass.
Severance, Mrs. A. B., psychometrist, White Water, Wis.
Severance, Mrs. J. H. S., psychometrist and test, Milwaukee, Wis.
Severance, Sarah T., unconscious tr. and clairvoyant, Boston, Mass.
Seymour, Mrs. H. S., test, 140 Bleeker Street, New-York City.
Shephard, Jesse B. H., musical
Shephard, S. J., tr. and wr., Weston, Mo.
Sherland, Mrs., personating, Tucker, Cal.
Sibley, Mrs., test, tr., Toledo, O.
Slade, Dr. H., Kalamazoo, Mich.
Slocum, Mrs. Helen, see. and test, Rutland, Vt.
Smedley, Dr. L. G., trance physician, Avon Springs, N. Y.
Smith, H. H., wr., Osseo, Minn.
Smith, Mrs. A., writing, Prophetstown, Mo.
Smith, Ransel J. and Emma J., test, East Liberty, O.
Smith, S., tr. and speaking, Rockford, Ill.
Smythe, Alex., wr., tr., Philadelphia, Penn.
Somerby, Sarah E., test and h., 410 Eighth Avenue, New-York City.
Southard, John, wr. and improvisational, Pontiac, Mich.
Spear, J. M., San Francisco, Cal.
Starr, N. B., artist, Port Huron, Mich.
Steel, A., im. and clairvoyant, Green Garden, Ill.
Stephens, E. H., healing and sp., Lettsville, Io.
Stephens, Miss Sarah, insp., wr., Batavia, N. Y.
Stephens, Mrs. P. W., test, Sacramento, Cal.
Stephenson, Mrs. C. B., seeing and tr., Farmer’s Creek, Mo.
Stevens, Mrs., H., Minneapolis, Minn.
Stewart, W., writing and personating, Prophetstown, Mo.
Stoddard, Miss Susan, tr., Boston, Mass.
Stoddard, Mrs., clairvoyant and test, 2108 Mt. Vernon Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Stowell, Mrs. H. A., im., Green Garden, Ill.
Sullivan, Charles, W., see. and sing., tr., cl., Boston, Mass.
Sumner, Miss P. J., test, M’Connelsville, O.
Thurston, Mrs., speaking, Convis Belleview, Mich.
Tilton, William, seer, Le Roy, N. Y.
Todd, S. H., healing, Delton, Wis.
Tompkins, Miss Nettie, musical, Byron, N. Y.
Trego, Emily, tr., test, 657 North 13th Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Underhill, J. H., h. and personating, Boston, N. Y.
Underhill, Phoebe L., insp. and wr., Boston, N. Y.
Vail, Mrs. William, test, Cohasset, Mass.
Van Namee, J. William, clairvoyant, 420 Fourth Avenue, New York.
Vansickle, Mrs. Mary, ph., —, Delaware County, O.
Wakefield, William, h., Eden Prairie, Minn.
Walcott, Mrs., artist and clairvoyant, Columbus, O.
Waldo, Ellen, insp. and mu., Alexandria, N. Y.
Walker, Mrs. L., developing medium, Boston, Mass.
Waterman, Mrs. S. A., psychometrist and test.
Waukinhaw, Mrs., insp., Batavia, N. Y.
Webb, Mrs. Jennie Lord, ph. and musical, Boston, Mass.
Webster, Dr. D., h., Keokuk, Io.
Webster, Mrs. Sarah, test, Keokuk, Io.
Weeks, Newman, wr. and sp., Rutland, Vt.
West, Peter, clairvoyant, test, 189 Clark Street, Chicago, Ill.
Wetherbee, Mrs. Lizzie, clairvoyant and h., Boston, Mass.
White, Mrs. S., wr. and seeing, Saugatuck, Mich.
White, Mrs., test, 1207 Wood Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Wiggin, Mrs. Amanda D., trance and clairvoyant, Los Angeles, Cal.
Wilder, Mrs. A. A., cl. and h., 631 Sacramento Street, San Francisco, Cal.
Wilson, Mrs. Hattie E. (colored), tr., med., Boston, Mass.
Wolcott, A., h., magnetic physician, Keokuk, Io.
Woodard, Mrs. Sylvina L., cl. and clairaudient, Fruitland, Deer Plain, Ill.
Woodward, Annetta, sp. and clairvoyant, Lettsville, Io.
Worcester, Mrs. Lizzie, unconscious tr., Boston, Mass.
Worcester, Mrs. S., tr., Boston, Mass.
Wykoff, Miss, tr., test, 253 North 8th Street, Philadelphia, Penn.
Xavier, Mrs., test, Winter Street, below 4th, Philadelphia, Penn.
York, Dr. C. C., h. and test, Charlestown, Mass.


W. P. Anderson, 204 East 46th Street, N. Y.
N. B. Starr, Port Huron, Mich.
M. Mileson, 658 Broadway, New-York City.
Mrs. E. A. Blair, 166 Bridge Street, Salem, Mass.
D. Willis, Crawfordsville, Ind.
Mrs. J. M. Peebles, Hammonton, N. J.
Mrs. Catherine Berry, Hyde Park Hotel, London, Eng.
Miss Georgiana Houghton, 20 Delamere Crescent, Westbourne Square, London, Eng.
Mrs. Plunkett, London, Eng.
H. F. Rippon, Ryde, Isle of Wight.
David Duguid, Glasgow, Scotland.

Paints in oil, in trance, eyes shut and bandaged, in full light or total darkness. The presence of believers or skeptics in no wise affects these remarkable pictures.


Journals Devoted to Spiritualism

It is reported that there are upwards of twenty spirit-mediums in Melbourne, Australia; many of whom belong to the upper ranks of society, including the legislature.


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