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Periodical: The Christian Spiritualist

Summary: From Pat Deveney's database:

Christian Spiritualist, The.
Every Plant Which My Heavenly Father Hath Not Planted Shall be Rooted Out
1854--1856 Weekly
New York, NY. Publisher: Society for the Diffusion of Spiritual Knowledge.
Editor: John H.W. Toohey and Horace H. Day (with the active assistance of Emma Hardinge [Britten]), S.T. Munson. Succeeds: Messenger of Light (bought)
Corporate author: Society for the Diffusion of Spiritual Knowledge 1/1, May 13, 1854-3/21, September 27, 1856.
6-8 pp, $2.00 a year ("payable within three months").

This was an attempt to organize American spiritualism from the top down. The Society for the Diffusion of Spiritual Knowledge was a grand creation, peppered with the names of judges, lawyers and professors--but woefully short, as the existing spiritualist press noted bitingly, of the names of those who had been popularizing the movement since its beginning. The Society's instigator was John Shoebridge Williams (later involved in the very curious Order of the Patriarchs) who convinced Horace H. Day to start a new organization along decidedly Christian lines and to fund a journal to propagate its ideas. J.H.W. Toohey, who was to edit The Christian Spiritualist, and P.B. Randolph were prominent in the society. Day was a rich industrialist who was striving at the time with Charles Goodyear over the the rights to vulcanized rubber, but he agreed to fund the society, which hired Kate Fox as a resident medium "at a liberal salary," and also paid for its journal. The Messenger of Light was bought, presumably to supply a mailing list, and the journal began in May 1854. Emma Hardinge [Britten] was given a room at the journal's headquarters at 553 Broadway in New York where she worked as a "test medium," and was said to have contributed articles under the name "Ezra" though neither she nor her pseudonym appears in its pages. Emma herself, in her later continuation of Ghost Land, painted her role in the journal somewhat more grandly: "On the floor above, a handsomely furnished apartment was placed at the disposal of Mrs. Hardinge, whose tests were rendered by writing, clairvoyance, pantomimic representations, and trance speaking. The upper floor of this great building was appropriated to the printing department of a weekly paper entitled The Christian Spiritualist, the chief portion of which was written and edited by Mrs. Hardinge." The young Cora L.V. Scott Hatch, who was to have an extraordinarily long career as a medium, was also hired by the society. All of this was not well received by spiritualists, who resented the imposition of order and hierarchy on their new movement. Emma Hardinge [Britten], Modern American Spiritualism (1870), 134, says the journal had a "limited subscription list, but a very large gratuitous circulation." On the whole affair, see Ernest Josephs Isaacs, A History of Nineteenth Century American Spiritualism as a Religious and Social Movement (U. Wisconsin Ph.D. dissertation, 1975), 227-234. Day closed the paper in 1856, settled with Goodyear in the early 1860s (receiving a sum variously stated as $350,000 or $500,000), and died in 1878, scarcely noted by spiritualists for his early contributions. Smith College; Southern Baptist Theological Seminary (Kentucky); University of Texas, Austin; Stanford University; LOC.

Issues:Christian Spiritualist V1 N1 May 13 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N2 May 20 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N3 May 27 1854-three Pages
Christian Spiritualist V1 N4 June 3 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N5 June 10 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N6 June 17 1854-three Pages
Christian Spiritualist V1 N7 June 24 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N8 July 1 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N9 July 8 1854-m
Christian Spiritualist V1 N10 July 15 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N11 July 22 1854-m
Christian Spiritualist V1 N12 July 29 1854-m
Christian Spiritualist V1 N13 August 5 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N14 August 12 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N15 August 19 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N16 August 26 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N17 September 2 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N18 September 9 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N19 September 16 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N20 September 23 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N21 September 30 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N22 October 7 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N23 October 14 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N24 October 21 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N25 October 28 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N26 November 4 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N27 November 11 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N28 November 18 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N29 November 25 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N30 December 2 1854-m
Christian Spiritualist V1 N31 December 9 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N32 December 16 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N33 December 23 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N34 December 30 1854
Christian Spiritualist V1 N35 January 6 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N36 January 13 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N37 January 20 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N38 January 27 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N39 February 3 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N40 February 10 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N41 February 17 1855-m
Christian Spiritualist V1 N42 February 24 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N43 March 3 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N44 March 10 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N45 March 17 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N46 March 24 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N47 March 31 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N48 April 7 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N49 April 14 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N50 April 21 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N51 April 28 1855
Christian Spiritualist V1 N52 May 5 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N1 May 12 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N2 May 19 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N3 May 16 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N4 June 2 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N5 June 9 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N6 June 16 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N7 June 23 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N8 June 30 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N9 July 7 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N10 July 14 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N11 July 21 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N12 July 28 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N13 August 4 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N14 August 11 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N15 August 18 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N16 August 25 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N17 September 1 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N18 September 8 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N19 September 15 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N20 September 22 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N21 September 29 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N22 October 6 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N23 October 13 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N24 October 20 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N25 October 27 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N26 November 3 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N27 November 10 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N28 November 17 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N29 November 24 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N30 December 1 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N31 December 8 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N32 December 15 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N33 December 22 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N34 December 29 1855
Christian Spiritualist V2 N35 January 5 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N36 January 12 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N37 January 19 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N38 January 26 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N39 February 2 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N40 February 9 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N41 February 16 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N42 February 23 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N43 March 1 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N44 March 8 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N45 March 15 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N46 March 22 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N47 March 29 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N48 April 5 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N49 April 12 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N50 April 19 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N51 April 26 1856
Christian Spiritualist V2 N52 May 3 1856

Last updated February 3, 2009.
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